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Visualizza versione completa : BIOS Flash x Xp


nonnobit
18-07-2002, 00.52.05
Dopo due o tre mesi di ricerche,ho scoperto che il mio Xp Pro su una Microstar K7T 9A con difficoltà al riavvio e via dicendo,ha problemi con l'ACPI e relative funzioni Plug & Play ecc.

Sul sito della Msi trovo dunque gli update del mio Bios che si sono susseguiti in nel corso di un'anno e mezzo e che io non ho mai usato,e anche la descrizione per ogni singolo aggiorn. dei problemi che si possono risolvere:

In effetti ho trovato due o tre aggiornamenti che uno per uno dovrebbero risolvere due o tre casini di questo mio Xp per niente performante,e qui la domanda,trattandosi di un'operazione delicata e rischiosa da eseguire SOLO nel caso di problemi,nasce spontanea: l'ultimo update di un BIOS incorpora i precedenti oppure è meglio installare una versione creata per risolvere un problema specifico?

E poi: come aggiornare un Award con Xp e NTFS?
La procedura descritta nel file scaricato dal sito è macchinosa e visto che non conosco il Dos vorrei capire meglio come salvare il BIOS vecchio.........:p

Alex21
18-07-2002, 18.11.57
Con il programmino per dos che aggiorna il bios (che avrai scaricato sicuramente) al momento dell'aggiornamento ti chiederà se salvare il vecchio.
tu darai un nome (mi raccomando non troppo lungo) potrebbe dare problemi in dos.
e te lo ritroverai in C dopo il riavvio come un file non specificato.

l'IMPORTANTE è che tu abbia preso il programma dos e l'esatto bios x la tua mobo!

poi nel caso l'aggiorni, spegni prima tutto in casa tipo lavastoviglie, lavatrice, etc... eh,eh,eh!

nonnobit
19-07-2002, 04.21.51
Pensa che ho in casa un gruppo di continuità pesantissssimo che ho recuperato per l'evento,provo e poi ti dico:)

Lionsquid
19-07-2002, 04.39.05
la copia del vecchio bios và messa sul floppy, non su c:, che come dici, dovrebbe essere in NTFS e quindi non visibile con il floppy di boot in dos (tipo w98 et similia).

Se non possiedi un floppy di boot con il dos , puoi scaricarti quello che c'è su WT, ripulirlo dei file che non ti servono e mettere il AWDFlash e il .bin nuovo... prevedi di lasciare almeno 256kb per il vecchio (meglio 512K, non conosco la tua scheda e non sò che tipo di bios monta).


Fai una prova di autonommia del gruppo di continuità ;), non si sà mai!!

bye

DavideDave
19-07-2002, 09.20.51
l'ultimo BIOS incorpora i vecchi ;)

se fai partire il programma di flash con il bat he ti danno loro, stai attento perchè viene fatto partire con alcuni switch che molto probabilmente gli fanno fare tutto in automatico levandoti la possibilità di fare il backup del vecchio BIOS ;)

nonnobit
20-07-2002, 02.54.47
Beh ragazzi,se ne avete voglia,leggetevi questo estratto del file con le istruzioni per flashare il mio bios.
Il chipset è un Via 686b,nell'allegato la procedura per sistemi non-FAT non mi garba,non capisco come cambiare directory di lavoro e perchè,visto che si sta lavorando in Dos...
Eh sì,il Dos mi manca,anzi,non lo conosco penniente!:D

No,niente allegato

Special Note:
The BIOS and DEVICE DRIVERS contained here are exclusively for Micro-Star products only. Micro-Star assumes no responsibility for any damages resulting from improper use or lack of technical expertise.

WARNING!!!!!
DON'T FLASH FROM A FLOPPY DISK!!!!
DON'T FLASH WHEN YOUR SYSTEM IS RUNNING FINE!!!!
DON'T FLASH IF YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING!!!!

Award BIOS Flash Procedure

1. Check your BIOS for BIOS FLASH DISABLED and ENABLE it, some boards have this function.
For Example:
K7N420 Pro (MS-6373) – BIOS setup/Integrated Peripherals/BIOS Protect/Disabled

2. Know Your model number
a. Open your case and look for the MS-XXXX number on the motherboard between the PCI slots, also check the version number that is written there as well. (some motherboards are named like K7T Turbo, make sure you have the right version number)
b. Boot up your system & take a look at the top left screen during POST, you should see something like “W6373MS v2.1 122101” This means the board is MS-6373 with BIOS version 2.1
Hint: Many systems are clearing this message very fast, the bios version is then unreadable, you can either press “PAUSE” or disable the “Quick Boot” in the BIOS setup.

3. Download the BIOS that matches your motherboard AND version number (some motherboards are named like K7T Turbo, make sure you have the right version number). BIOS can be found according to the CPU type of your board like if your CPU is Intel P4 478 type then look here
http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/socket_478.php
if you cannot find the BIOS that matches your board, try here http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/more.php

4. Extract the BIOS-archive that you have downloaded by double clicking to c:\test

5. Boot your system from a Win98 or WinME boot-floppy.
How to make boot floppy in case your don’t have it ready:
For Win9X, You can type [C:\ format a:/s] from the DOS prompt.
For WinMe, You can make a boot floppy from control panel--> add/remove program-->make boot floppy. Remove autoexec.bat & config.sys file if there's any.
For Win2000, there's no way to make boot floppy, so you have to either use Win9X or WinME boot floppy.
For WinXP, you can make a DOS boot disk. Go to Your Computer, right click drive A:, select Format, select copy system files.

7. When you get the A:\ prompt, type the following sequence:
C: <enter>
cd\test <enter>
C:\test> awdfl783m BIOS file
(to save or not to save old BIOS is the user’s decision)

8. Reboot your system when prompted

P.S. If your system doesn't boot after you flashed, please refer to the BIOS recovery method as described http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/note.htm

AMI BIOS Flash Procedure
(Special Thanks to Forum Moderator Bas for his valuable contribution)
1. Check your BIOS for BIOS FLASH DISABLED and ENABLE it, some boards have this function.
For Example:
K7T266 Pro (MS-6380) –BIOS setup/chipset setup/BIOS protection/disabled

2. Know Your model number
a. Open your case and look for the MS-XXXX number on the motherboard between the PCI slots, also check the version number that is written there as well. (some motherboards are named like K7T Turbo, make sure you have the right version number)
b. Boot up your system & take a look at the top left screen during POST, you should see something like “A6380MS v1.7 122101” This means the board is MS-6380 with BIOS version 1.7
Hint: Many systems are clearing this message very fast, the bios version is then unreadable, you can either press “PAUSE” or disable the “Quick Boot” in the BIOS setup.

3. Download the BIOS that matches your motherboard AND version number (some motherboards are named like K7T Turbo, make sure you have the right version number). BIOS can be found according to the CPU type of your board like if your CPU is Intel P4 478 type then look here
http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/socket_478.php
if you cannot find the BIOS that matches your board, try here http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/more.php

4. Extract the BIOS-archive that you have downloaded by double clicking to c:\test

5. Boot your system from a Win98 or WinME boot-floppy.
How to make boot floppy in case your don’t have it ready:
For Win9X, You can type [C:\ format a:/s] from the DOS prompt.
For WinMe, You can make a boot floppy from control panel--> add/remove program-->make boot floppy. Remove autoexec.bat & config.sys file if there's any.
For Win2000, there's no way to make boot floppy, so you have to either use Win9X or WinME boot floppy.
For WinXP, you can make a DOS boot disk. Go to Your Computer, right click drive A:, select Format, select copy system files.

7. When you get the A:\ prompt, type the following sequence:
C: <enter>
cd\test <enter>
C:\test> amifl827 BIOS file
(to save or not to save old BIOS is the user’s decision)

8. Reboot your system when prompted

P.S. If your system doesn't boot after you flashed, please refer to the BIOS recovery method as described http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/note.htm

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Flashing the BIOS for Non-FAT file system


1.Check your BIOS for BIOS FLASH DISABLED and ENABLE it, some boards have this function.For Example:
K7T266 Pro (MS-6380) -BIOS setup/chipset setup/BIOS protection/disabled

2.Know Your model number
a. Open your case and look for the MS-XXXX number on the motherboard between the PCI slots, also check the version number that is written there as well. (some motherboards are named like K7T Turbo, make sure you have the right version number)
b. Boot up your system & take a look at the top left screen during POST, you should see something like "A6380MS v1.7 122101" This means the board is MS-6380 with BIOS version 1.7
Hint: Many systems are clearing this message very fast, the bios version is then unreadable, you can either press “PAUSE” or disable the “Quick Boot” in the BIOS setup.

3.Download the BIOS that matches your motherboard AND version number (some motherboards are named like K7T Turbo, make sure you have the right version number). BIOS can be found according to the CPU type of your board like if your CPU is Intel P4 478 type then look here
<http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/socket_478.php>
if you cannot find the BIOS that matches your board, try here <http://www.msi.com.tw/support/bios/more.php>

4.Extract the file you have downloaded to a floppy (not the win ME/98 startup floppy) by double clocking the file in windows mode and supplying the path a:\

5.Boot the computer using a windows ME or windows 98 startup disk. It must be one of these! A plain boot disk will not be good enogh.
If you do not have Windows ME or 98 to create the floppy you can make one on a friend's computer.

6.When boot is done there will be a message on the screen showing :"Diagnostic tools were successfully loaded to drive" followed by a single letter.
This letter is the leter assigned to the RAMDRIVE. This RAMDRIVE is a virtual drive in the system memory and can be accessed and controlled like any other drive with DOS commands such as:
MD - Make Directory
Copy - copy a file
Deleate - Deleate a file

There is one important difference which is that being in the system memory this drive is wiped once the computer is restarted or shut down.

7.Replace the startup floppy with the one containing the flash utility and bios ROM files previously extracted in windows.

8.Copy the 2 files to the RAMDRIVE by using the DOS command copy.
Here is an example, in this example the flash utility is AWFL814B.EXE ,the ROM file is w6373nms.220 and the RAMDRIVE letter assignment is D

copy awfl814b.exe d:\
copy w6337nms.220 d:\

9.Change the current working directory to the RAMDRIVE root directory, with the example case of the RAMDRIVE being drive D this is done by simply done with the command d:

10.Execute the flash utility with the ROM file as a command line argument, with this example:
awfl814b w6373nms.220

If you wish to save the current bios you must specify the full path a:\filename. Specifying only a file name will save the bios to the RAMDRIVE which will be wiped after restarting the computer and the file will not be saved.

a:\bios.old is an example of the correct way to save the bios.

11.Reboot your system when prompted

12. If your system doesn't boot after you flashed, please refer to the BIOS recovery method as described