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Visualizza versione completa : dialer


erbello
21-07-2006, 21.30.30
da tempo che ormai nel mio pc presente un dialer ,ho provato ad eliminarla in tutti i modi,ma al riavvio del computer ricompare sempre,ho usato vari programmi icwshredder, Trojan Remover, Ad-aware 6.0, Spybot - Search & Destroy in modalita' provisoria nn ho ancora trovato la soluzione per eliminare questo dialer per sempre.con il programma HijackThis mi da questo prememoria potete aiutarmi cosa devo eliminare vi ringrazio
Logfile of HijackThis v1.99.1
Scan saved at 20.13.24, on 07/21/2006
Platform: Windows XP SP2 (WinNT 5.01.2600)
MSIE: Internet Explorer v6.00 SP2 (6.00.2900.2180)

Running processes:
C:\WINDOWS\System32\smss.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\winlogon.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\services.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\lsass.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\Ati2evxx.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccSetMgr.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SNDSrvc.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SPBBC\SPBBCSvc.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccEvtMgr.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\Ati2evxx.exe
C:\WINDOWS\Explorer.EXE
C:\WINDOWS\system32\spoolsv.exe
C:\Programmi\Alice ti aiuta\bin\mpbtn.exe
C:\WINDOWS\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\msco rsvw.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\EPSON\EBAPI\SAgent2.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Microsoft Shared\VS7DEBUG\MDM.EXE
C:\Programmi\MySQL\MySQL Server 4.1\bin\mysqld-nt.exe
C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\navapsvc.exe
C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\IWP\NPFMntor.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\CCPD-LC\symlcsvc.exe
C:\Programmi\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe
C:\PROGRA~1\NORTON~1\Navw32.exe
C:\Programmi\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe
C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\idd16.tmp.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\wuauclt.exe
C:\Documents and Settings\Alex\Desktop\musica e pc\HijackThis.exe

R0 - HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = http://it.yahoo.com/
R0 - HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar,LinksFolderName = Collegamenti
O1 - Hosts: 200.73.174.154 STORAGE.HOSTANCE.NET
O1 - Hosts: 200.73.174.154 STORAGE-TASP.COM
O2 - BHO: Yahoo! Companion BHO - {02478D38-C3F9-4efb-9B51-7695ECA05670} - C:\Programmi\Yahoo!\Companion\Installs\cpn0\ycomp5 _5_7_0.dll
O2 - BHO: Adobe PDF Reader Link Helper - {06849E9F-C8D7-4D59-B87D-784B7D6BE0B3} - C:\Programmi\Adobe\Acrobat 7.0\ActiveX\AcroIEHelper.dll
O2 - BHO: Need2Find Bar BHO - {4D1C4E81-A32A-416b-BCDB-33B3EF3617D3} - (no file)
O2 - BHO: Duplex - {4D8603D1-E19F-4DB9-B841-CF0B3AECF967} - C:\WINDOWS\system32\Apparat.dll
O2 - BHO: (no name) - {53707962-6F74-2D53-2644-206D7942484F} - C:\PROGRA~1\SPYBOT~1\SDHelper.dll
O2 - BHO: SSVHelper Class - {761497BB-D6F0-462C-B6EB-D4DAF1D92D43} - C:\Programmi\Java\jre1.5.0_06\bin\ssv.dll
O2 - BHO: m1a2 - {81566074-267F-41e3-A51B-2599A3AC9EC3} - C:\WINDOWS\system32\msx.dll
O2 - BHO: Google Toolbar Helper - {AA58ED58-01DD-4d91-8333-CF10577473F7} - c:\programmi\google\googletoolbar2.dll
O2 - BHO: NAV Helper - {BDF3E430-B101-42AD-A544-FADC6B084872} - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\NavShExt.dll
O3 - Toolbar: Yahoo! Companion - {EF99BD32-C1FB-11D2-892F-0090271D4F88} - C:\Programmi\Yahoo!\Companion\Installs\cpn0\ycomp5 _5_7_0.dll
O3 - Toolbar: &Google - {2318C2B1-4965-11d4-9B18-009027A5CD4F} - c:\programmi\google\googletoolbar2.dll
O3 - Toolbar: Norton AntiVirus - {42CDD1BF-3FFB-4238-8AD1-7859DF00B1D6} - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\NavShExt.dll
O4 - HKLM\..\Run: [TrojanScanner] C:\Programmi\Trojan Remover\Trjscan.exe
O4 - Global Startup: Alice ti aiuta.lnk = C:\Programmi\Alice ti aiuta\bin\matcli.exe
O8 - Extra context menu item: &Cerca con Google - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmsearch.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: &Traduci parola in italiano - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmwordtrans.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: E&sporta in Microsoft Excel - res://C:\PROGRA~1\MICROS~2\OFFICE11\EXCEL.EXE/3000
O8 - Extra context menu item: Link a ritroso - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmbacklinks.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: Pagine simili - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmsimilar.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: Versione cache della pagina - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmcache.html
O9 - Extra button: (no name) - {08B0E5C0-4FCB-11CF-AAA5-00401C608501} - C:\Programmi\Java\jre1.5.0_06\bin\ssv.dll
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: Sun Java Console - {08B0E5C0-4FCB-11CF-AAA5-00401C608501} - C:\Programmi\Java\jre1.5.0_06\bin\ssv.dll
O9 - Extra button: (no name) - {CD67F990-D8E9-11d2-98FE-00C0F0318AFE} - (no file)
O9 - Extra button: Messenger - {FB5F1910-F110-11d2-BB9E-00C04F795683} - C:\Programmi\Messenger\msmsgs.exe
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: Windows Messenger - {FB5F1910-F110-11d2-BB9E-00C04F795683} - C:\Programmi\Messenger\msmsgs.exe
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.3
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.energy-factor.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.hardcorefantasyland.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.hardfootballbabes.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: www.otherchance.com
O16 - DPF: {17492023-C23A-453E-A040-C7C580BBF700} (Windows Genuine Advantage Validation Tool) - http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=39204
O16 - DPF: {644E432F-49D3-41A1-8DD5-E099162EEEC5} (Symantec RuFSI Utility Class) - http://security.symantec.com/sscv6/SharedContent/common/bin/cabsa.cab
O16 - DPF: {6E32070A-766D-4EE6-879C-DC1FA91D2FC3} (MUWebControl Class) - http://update.microsoft.com/microsoftupdate/v6/V5Controls/en/x86/client/muweb_site.cab?1132312360578
O16 - DPF: {9122D757-5A4F-4768-82C5-B4171D8556A7} (PhotoPickConvert Class) - http://appdirectory.messenger.msn.com/AppDirectory/P4Apps/PhotoSwap/PhtPkMSN.cab
O16 - DPF: {B38870E4-7ECB-40DA-8C6A-595F0A5519FF} (MsnMessengerSetupDownloadControl Class) - http://messenger.msn.com/download/MsnMessengerSetupDownloader.cab
O16 - DPF: {FFFF0001-0001-101A-A3C9-08002B2F49FC} - http://download.energy-factor.com/dialer/it/activex_4556_it.exe
O17 - HKLM\System\CCS\Services\Tcpip\..\{A2009ED8-230E-479C-9834-8E35A71D750E}: NameServer = 85.37.17.11 85.38.28.69
O18 - Protocol: msnim - {828030A1-22C1-4009-854F-8E305202313F} - "C:\PROGRA~1\MSNMES~1\msgrapp.dll" (file missing)
O20 - Winlogon Notify: winetn32 - C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\winetn32.dll
O23 - Service: Ati HotKey Poller - ATI Technologies Inc. - C:\WINDOWS\system32\Ati2evxx.exe
O23 - Service: ATI Smart - Unknown owner - C:\WINDOWS\system32\ati2sgag.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Event Manager (ccEvtMgr) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccEvtMgr.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Password Validation (ccPwdSvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccPwdSvc.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Settings Manager (ccSetMgr) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccSetMgr.exe
O23 - Service: EPSON Printer Status Agent2 (EPSONStatusAgent2) - SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION - C:\Programmi\File comuni\EPSON\EBAPI\SAgent2.exe
O23 - Service: MySQL41 - Unknown owner - C:\Programmi\MySQL\MySQL.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: Norton AntiVirus Auto-Protect Service (navapsvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\navapsvc.exe
O23 - Service: Norton AntiVirus Firewall Monitor Service (NPFMntor) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\IWP\NPFMntor.exe
O23 - Service: SAVScan - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\SAVScan.exe
O23 - Service: ScriptBlocking Service (SBService) - Symantec Corporation - C:\PROGRA~1\FILECO~1\SYMANT~1\SCRIPT~1\SBServ.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Network Drivers Service (SNDSrvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SNDSrvc.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec SPBBCSvc (SPBBCSvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SPBBC\SPBBCSvc.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Core LC - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\CCPD-LC\symlcsvc.exe

andorra24
21-07-2006, 23.43.12
Ciao, apri hijackthis, premi su ''open the misc tools section'', poi premi ''open process manager'', individua la voce indicata sotto e premi ''kill process'':
C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\idd16.tmp.exe
Poi vai in basso e premi il tasto back e subito dopo il tasto scan. Metti la spunta nella casellina accanto alle voci indicate sotto e premi ''fix checked'' :
O1 - Hosts: 200.73.174.154 STORAGE.HOSTANCE.NET
O1 - Hosts: 200.73.174.154 STORAGE-TASP.COM
O2 - BHO: Need2Find Bar BHO - {4D1C4E81-A32A-416b-BCDB-33B3EF3617D3} - (no file)
O2 - BHO: Duplex - {4D8603D1-E19F-4DB9-B841-CF0B3AECF967} - C:\WINDOWS\system32\Apparat.dll
O2 - BHO: m1a2 - {81566074-267F-41e3-A51B-2599A3AC9EC3} - C:\WINDOWS\system32\msx.dll
O9 - Extra button: (no name) - {CD67F990-D8E9-11d2-98FE-00C0F0318AFE} - (no file)
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.3
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.energy-factor.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.hardcorefantasyland.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: *.hardfootballbabes.com
O15 - Trusted Zone: www.otherchance.com
O16 - DPF: {FFFF0001-0001-101A-A3C9-08002B2F49FC} - http://download.energy-factor.com/d...vex_4556_it.exe
O20 - Winlogon Notify: winetn32 - C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\winetn32.dll
Vai su start/risorse del computer/strumenti/opzioni cartella/visualizzazione e metti la spunta su ''visualizza cartelle e file nascosti'' e togli la spunta da ''nascondi i file protetti di sistema (consigliato)''.
Scarica ATF Cleaner da qui:
http://www.atribune.org/ccount/click.php?id=1
(per eliminare file temporanei di windows e IE)
Avvia ATF cleaner, clicca sul menu "main" e poi seleziona la casella "Select All". Adesso clicca sul pulsante "Empty selected" e aspetta il messaggio "Done Cleaning!"


Esegui attentamente le istruzioni di questo link per eliminare il malware msx.dll: http://www.greatis.com/security/ICQCHK.exe%20MSX.DLL%20remover.htm

Poi scarica killbox da qui:
http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/files/killbox.php
Con killbox assicurati che vengano eliminati i seguenti files:
C:\WINDOWS\TEMP\idd16.tmp.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\Apparat.dll
C:\WINDOWS\system32\msx.dll
C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\winetn32.dll
Dopo aver fatto tutte queste operazioni posta un nuovo log di hijackthis.

erbello
22-07-2006, 12.20.20
grazie andorra24 x avermi risposto tempestivamente ho seguito le tue istruzioni passo passo, ti allego il dump, volevo chiederti che alcuni file che trovasi nella cartella temp con nome ib2 ib3 ib4 non me li cancella sia con il programma killbox che manualmente, se vado in modalita' provvisoria nella cartella temp i suddetti file non me li fa vedere ti ringrazio attendo tue istruzioni

Logfile of HijackThis v1.99.1
Scan saved at 11.13.20, on 07/22/2006
Platform: Windows XP SP2 (WinNT 5.01.2600)
MSIE: Internet Explorer v6.00 SP2 (6.00.2900.2180)

Running processes:
C:\WINDOWS\System32\smss.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\winlogon.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\services.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\lsass.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\Ati2evxx.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccSetMgr.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SNDSrvc.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SPBBC\SPBBCSvc.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccEvtMgr.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\Ati2evxx.exe
C:\WINDOWS\Explorer.EXE
C:\WINDOWS\system32\spoolsv.exe
C:\Programmi\Alice ti aiuta\bin\mpbtn.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\EPSON\EBAPI\SAgent2.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Microsoft Shared\VS7DEBUG\MDM.EXE
C:\Programmi\MySQL\MySQL Server 4.1\bin\mysqld-nt.exe
C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\navapsvc.exe
C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\IWP\NPFMntor.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\CCPD-LC\symlcsvc.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\wuauclt.exe
C:\WINDOWS\system32\wuauclt.exe
C:\Programmi\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe
C:\Documents and Settings\Alex\Desktop\musica e pc\HijackThis.exe

R0 - HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = http://it.yahoo.com/
R0 - HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar,LinksFolderName = Collegamenti
O2 - BHO: Yahoo! Companion BHO - {02478D38-C3F9-4efb-9B51-7695ECA05670} - C:\Programmi\Yahoo!\Companion\Installs\cpn0\ycomp5 _5_7_0.dll
O2 - BHO: Adobe PDF Reader Link Helper - {06849E9F-C8D7-4D59-B87D-784B7D6BE0B3} - C:\Programmi\Adobe\Acrobat 7.0\ActiveX\AcroIEHelper.dll
O2 - BHO: (no name) - {53707962-6F74-2D53-2644-206D7942484F} - C:\PROGRA~1\SPYBOT~1\SDHelper.dll
O2 - BHO: SSVHelper Class - {761497BB-D6F0-462C-B6EB-D4DAF1D92D43} - C:\Programmi\Java\jre1.5.0_06\bin\ssv.dll
O2 - BHO: Google Toolbar Helper - {AA58ED58-01DD-4d91-8333-CF10577473F7} - c:\programmi\google\googletoolbar2.dll
O2 - BHO: NAV Helper - {BDF3E430-B101-42AD-A544-FADC6B084872} - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\NavShExt.dll
O3 - Toolbar: Yahoo! Companion - {EF99BD32-C1FB-11D2-892F-0090271D4F88} - C:\Programmi\Yahoo!\Companion\Installs\cpn0\ycomp5 _5_7_0.dll
O3 - Toolbar: &Google - {2318C2B1-4965-11d4-9B18-009027A5CD4F} - c:\programmi\google\googletoolbar2.dll
O3 - Toolbar: Norton AntiVirus - {42CDD1BF-3FFB-4238-8AD1-7859DF00B1D6} - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\NavShExt.dll
O4 - Global Startup: Alice ti aiuta.lnk = C:\Programmi\Alice ti aiuta\bin\matcli.exe
O8 - Extra context menu item: &Cerca con Google - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmsearch.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: &Traduci parola in italiano - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmwordtrans.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: E&sporta in Microsoft Excel - res://C:\PROGRA~1\MICROS~2\OFFICE11\EXCEL.EXE/3000
O8 - Extra context menu item: Link a ritroso - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmbacklinks.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: Pagine simili - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmsimilar.html
O8 - Extra context menu item: Versione cache della pagina - res://c:\programmi\google\GoogleToolbar2.dll/cmcache.html
O9 - Extra button: (no name) - {08B0E5C0-4FCB-11CF-AAA5-00401C608501} - C:\Programmi\Java\jre1.5.0_06\bin\ssv.dll
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: Sun Java Console - {08B0E5C0-4FCB-11CF-AAA5-00401C608501} - C:\Programmi\Java\jre1.5.0_06\bin\ssv.dll
O9 - Extra button: Messenger - {FB5F1910-F110-11d2-BB9E-00C04F795683} - C:\Programmi\Messenger\msmsgs.exe
O9 - Extra 'Tools' menuitem: Windows Messenger - {FB5F1910-F110-11d2-BB9E-00C04F795683} - C:\Programmi\Messenger\msmsgs.exe
O16 - DPF: {17492023-C23A-453E-A040-C7C580BBF700} (Windows Genuine Advantage Validation Tool) - http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=39204
O16 - DPF: {644E432F-49D3-41A1-8DD5-E099162EEEC5} (Symantec RuFSI Utility Class) - http://security.symantec.com/sscv6/SharedContent/common/bin/cabsa.cab
O16 - DPF: {6E32070A-766D-4EE6-879C-DC1FA91D2FC3} (MUWebControl Class) - http://update.microsoft.com/microsoftupdate/v6/V5Controls/en/x86/client/muweb_site.cab?1132312360578
O16 - DPF: {9122D757-5A4F-4768-82C5-B4171D8556A7} (PhotoPickConvert Class) - http://appdirectory.messenger.msn.com/AppDirectory/P4Apps/PhotoSwap/PhtPkMSN.cab
O16 - DPF: {B38870E4-7ECB-40DA-8C6A-595F0A5519FF} (MsnMessengerSetupDownloadControl Class) - http://messenger.msn.com/download/MsnMessengerSetupDownloader.cab
O17 - HKLM\System\CCS\Services\Tcpip\..\{A2009ED8-230E-479C-9834-8E35A71D750E}: NameServer = 85.37.17.11 85.38.28.69
O18 - Protocol: msnim - {828030A1-22C1-4009-854F-8E305202313F} - "C:\PROGRA~1\MSNMES~1\msgrapp.dll" (file missing)
O23 - Service: Ati HotKey Poller - ATI Technologies Inc. - C:\WINDOWS\system32\Ati2evxx.exe
O23 - Service: ATI Smart - Unknown owner - C:\WINDOWS\system32\ati2sgag.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Event Manager (ccEvtMgr) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccEvtMgr.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Password Validation (ccPwdSvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccPwdSvc.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Settings Manager (ccSetMgr) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\ccSetMgr.exe
O23 - Service: EPSON Printer Status Agent2 (EPSONStatusAgent2) - SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION - C:\Programmi\File comuni\EPSON\EBAPI\SAgent2.exe
O23 - Service: MySQL41 - Unknown owner - C:\Programmi\MySQL\MySQL.exe (file missing)
O23 - Service: Norton AntiVirus Auto-Protect Service (navapsvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\navapsvc.exe
O23 - Service: Norton AntiVirus Firewall Monitor Service (NPFMntor) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\IWP\NPFMntor.exe
O23 - Service: SAVScan - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\Norton AntiVirus\SAVScan.exe
O23 - Service: ScriptBlocking Service (SBService) - Symantec Corporation - C:\PROGRA~1\FILECO~1\SYMANT~1\SCRIPT~1\SBServ.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Network Drivers Service (SNDSrvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SNDSrvc.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec SPBBCSvc (SPBBCSvc) - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\SPBBC\SPBBCSvc.exe
O23 - Service: Symantec Core LC - Symantec Corporation - C:\Programmi\File comuni\Symantec Shared\CCPD-LC\symlcsvc.exe

andorra24
22-07-2006, 12.35.58
Il log di hijackthis e' pulito e non emerge piu' nessun malware. Per eliminare i files temp hai usato ATF cleaner? Un altro programmino molto valido e' CCleaner:
http://www.ccleaner.com/

erbello
22-07-2006, 13.32.57
Il log di hijackthis e' pulito e non emerge piu' nessun malware. Per eliminare i files temp hai usato ATF cleaner? Un altro programmino molto valido e' CCleaner:
http://www.ccleaner.com/

si ho usato tutte e 2 i programmi e non mi cancella, ora la connessione e normale e non si disconnette piu :)

andorra24
22-07-2006, 13.41.06
Dai anche una passata con ewido che e' sempre utile da usare ogni tanto:
http://www.grisoft.cz/softw/70/filedir/inst/ewido-setup_4.0.0.172b.exe

erbello
24-07-2006, 21.24.06
grazie andorra24 ora va tutto bene :act: :act: